Journals : SERBD-IJMS

Category : Life Sciences
Type : Research Article
Title : BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND ITS USEFULNESS FOR DISTINCTNESS UNIFORMITY STABILITY (DUS) TEST OF 16 SESAMUM CROP VARIETIES
Submitted By : Shivangi Mathur
Corresponding Author : Shivangi Mathur
Members :
Member 1 : Shivangi Mathur
ABSTRACT :
Sesame is a source of good quality vegetable oil with ant oxidative constituents, i.e., sesamol, sesamolinol, sesaminol, tocopherol and as an inexpensive source of protein in developing countries. Sesame seeds have high food quality, nutritious proteins and edible oil. Applications of molecular and biochemical markers may help breeders to tag agronomic traits to screen those at early stages of growth (for example at seed stage) and patents can be granted for the novel identified trait/gene/plant, which has become a necessity of the present commercial market. For an effective formulation of breeding programmes, native races, elite lines, varieties, wild species have to be characterized for all morphological, biochemical and molecular characters because estimation of the genetic diversity available in different genotypes helps the breeder to choose diverse parents for creating variability. In present study Biochemical characterization of 16 Sesamum crop varieties was performed and tested its usefulness in conducting Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability test. Results showed Isozyme as a better tool as compared to seed storage protein to develop biochemical marker for DUS testing. Our investigation will significantly support the classification, development, genetic evaluation and conservation of sesame germplasm in India.
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